The lumbar spine is the biggest and strongest part of the spinal column. It runs from the mid to lower back. It is made up of five vertebrae. Vertebrae are the bones that surround the spinal cord. There are disks between each vertebra.


Lumbar Spine Injury

A lumbar spine injury can happen when a great amount of force is placed against the spinal column. An injury can happen if the spinal column is not strong enough to stand up to that force. Injury can occur to the vertebrae, disks, or the cord. Symptoms of a lumbar spine injury can include pain, numbness, weakness, and tingling. Symptoms vary in each person.


  • X-rays are tests that look at the bones in your spine.

  • A CT scan is a test that uses x-rays to get detailed pictures of bones and other tissues.

  • A physical exam will be done to check your spine to see if there is pain with movement or when pressure is applied.


If you have an injury that needs treatment, you will see a spine specialist. This doctor will diagnose the location and stability of the injury. The doctor will decide whether you need surgery. If a fracture is found, you may need to wear a brace. Your doctor will decide what type of brace you need and how long you will need to wear it.

What to Expect in the Hospital

If you need a brace, you will have to lie flat in bed to keep your spine straight until a brace has been placed. This can be uncomfortable, but it is needed to protect your spine. Nursing staff will assist you with rolling in bed to ensure you do not further injury your spine. This is called “log rolling.” It allows you to be turned while keeping your spine straight.