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Abrasions are injuries to the skin and its underlying tissue caused by rubbing or scraping. Road rash is a common term used for abrasions caused by scrapes received during an accident. Most road rash should heal within 2 weeks with good care of your wounds by keeping them clean and moist. Sometimes, road rash can go through all the layers of skin and require skin grafting surgery to heal. If your wounds take longer than 2 weeks to heal, they may be deeper wounds and should be looked at by your health care provider.
Daily Wound Cares
Wash your hands with soap and water before touching your wound.
Remove old dressings. Do not soak in water to remove. Dry dressing removal cleans away dead tissue and debris.
Wash your wounds gently once a day with antibacterial soap such as Dial and a clean washcloth. Wash off antibiotic creams, soft scabs, and any loose dead tissue. You may have a small amount of bleeding. Most patients should wash their wounds during their daily showers.
Rinse your wounds well with plain water.
Dry off the skin around the wound with a towel.
Apply a thin layer of Bacitracin to all open wounds. If your wound has been drying out between dressing changes, you may want to apply a thicker layer of Bacitracin.
Apply a thin layer of moisturizing lotion to all healed areas of skin that surround the open wound.
Apply Cuticerin (non-stick) gauze to all open wounds.
Secure dressings with cotton gauze as needed.
Your doctor may have prescribed pain medicines for you. Take this medicine 1 hour before washing your wounds.
Between wound cares use acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) to treat pain. If you have any broken bones or are having surgery in less than a week do not take ibuprofen.
Pain will lessen as the wound heals. The wound may feel stiff, dry, itchy, or tight as it heals. Use moisturizing lotion to relieve these symptoms.
Care of Healed Skin
The skin is healed when it appears dull pink or red, is not moist or weepy, and no longer stings when you touch it. Newly healed skin needs moisturizing creams to prevent drying and cracking. Once your wound is healed, stop using the Bacitracin, Cutecerin gauze and gauze dressings. Apply creams (free of alcohol) such as Elta lite, Aquaphor, Eucerin, Nivea as often as needed to keep the skin moist and soft.
When to Call
Signs of infection:
Increasing redness and swelling around the wound
Foul smelling drainage or pus from the wound
Flu-like symptoms (fever, chills, nausea or vomiting, and muscle aches)
Wounds that have not healed after 2-3 weeks
Questions or concerns
Who to Call
Call your primary health care provider.