The name of your oral corticosteroid is ______________________________.

Oral Corticosteroids are pills that you swallow and use when your asthma starts to flare-up. Most often they are taken for only a short period of time (5-10 days). They are part of the “Red Zone” plan for care on many written Asthma Action Plans.


They decrease airway swelling. This opens the airways and makes it easier to breathe.

Types of Oral Corticosteroids

  • Prednisone tablets

  • Prednisolone

    • Orapred®: 15mg/5ml

    • Pediapred®: 5mg/5ml

    • Prelone®: comes in both strengths as listed above

    • Orapred®ODT (dissolvable tablets): 10mg, 15mg, & 30mg

  • Methylprednisolone (Medrol®)

Side Effects

Side effects may include any or all the symptoms listed below and should improve when you are done taking the medicine.

  • Increased appetite

  • Changes in mood

  • Trouble sleeping

  • Stomach-ache

If you take this medicine for a long time, other side effects may include:

  • Weight gain

  • Your bones may become weak (osteoporosis)

  • Decrease in growth (height) for a child

  • Higher risk for infection

  • Eye changes (cataracts)

  • Increase in blood pressure

  • Increase in blood sugar (diabetes)

  • Bruising and skin changes

Please talk with your health care team if you are or plan to take oral corticosteroids for a long time.

Medicine Directions

  • Take each dose with food.

  • If you take it twice a day, it is best to take it with breakfast and again in the mid-afternoon with a snack.

  • If you take it once a day, take it in the morning.

  • If you are taking an oral corticosteroid for more than 10 days, do not stop taking it until you talk with your health care team. They may suggest a “taper.” A taper slowly decreases your dose over time until you are scheduled to stop taking it.