Having a stroke can be traumatic and stressful. It may happen suddenly but have long-lasting effects on many aspects of a person’s life. These emotions are part of coping. Stroke survivors respond with a range of emotions. Some people may be very sad, while others may seem quite cheerful.
Emotions may change over time. The way a person responds just after a stroke can be very different than the response weeks or months later. Knowing what to expect will help you to cope with the effects of the stroke. It will also help others to understand what you are going through.
Why Emotions Change After a Stroke
Some changes happen because of how the stroke affected your brain. Some emotions change because of how the brain injury has affected you and your life.
Changes in the Brain
When a stroke occurs, the brain is injured. The effects depend on where the brain was injured. If the structures that handle emotions are injured, it changes the way the brain deals with emotions. Emotions may be hard to control soon after a stroke. Mood swings and depression are very common.
Mood swings: A person might have rapid mood changes. You might hear this called emotional lability, reflex crying, or labile mood. For example, a person might suddenly cry but then quickly stop or even start laughing. During a mood swing, crying may not fit a person’s mood. This often improves over time.
Post-stroke depression: People may feel sad, powerless, inadequate, or irritable. Mild depression is more common with damage in the right/back area of the brain. Severe depression is more common with damage in the left/front area of the brain. Talk with your team about treatment if needed.
Common Feelings After a Stroke
A stroke may affect a person’s life in many ways. This is very emotional for all involved. The type and extent of feelings are related to the stroke, your coping style, and how you coped in the past. Common feelings are frustration, anxiety, anger. Some feel sad or do not care about things as much as before.
Many of these feelings are a natural part of adjusting to life after a stroke. Talking about the effects of the stroke and your feelings can help you and your family work through and process feelings. This is an important step in the process of this life change.