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The only known treatment for someone with
food allergies or protein intolerance is to
avoid foods that contain the allergen.
Allergy to cow’s milk is more common in
young children than adults. A milk “allergy”
can happen very fast. Reactions come on
quickly. The symptoms include fussiness,
vomiting, wheezing, swelling, hives, itchy
skin rashes, and blood in the stool. If the
child has milk protein intolerance, the
reactions are slower. The infant may be
irritable, have reflux, stooling issues (may
contain blood), vomiting, gagging, eczema
and may refuse food.
If your child has milk protein allergy or
protein intolerance, they may also have soy
protein allergy or intolerance. Most children
outgrow milk protein intolerance by 1-2
years old and a milk allergy by age 5. For
some, it may last longer. For breastfed
infants and children, the parent must watch
their own intake as well as the child’s.
Foods now list common allergens, such as
milk and soy. You still need to review food
labels. Many products may have byproducts
of milk or soy. This handout will list foods
and ingredients that have milk or soy
Milk or Soy Protein
Butter or butter solids (milk)
Butter fat (milk)
Butter flavor (milk)
Cottage cheese (milk)
Half & half (milk)
Hydrolyzed vegetable protein (soy)
Kinnoko flour (soy)
Kyodofu, freeze-dried tofu (soy)
Lactalbumin phosphate (milk)
Malted milk (milk)
Milk protein, all (milk)
Okara, soy pulp (soy)
Sour cream (milk)
Soy concentrate (soy)
Soy curds (soy)
Soy flour (soy)
Soy granules (soy)
Soy grits (soy)
Soy nuts (soy)
Soy milk (soy)
Soy sauce (soy)
Shoyu sauce (soy)
Soy sprouts (soy)
Soy yogurt/cheese (soy)
Teriyaki sauce (soy)
Textured soy protein (soy)
Textured vegetable protein, TVP
Whey, any form (milk)
Most people who are allergic to soy can
safely eat highly processed soybean oil
and soy lecithin. These are common
ingredients in processed foods. Soy will be
clearly labeled in the ingredient list or just
below the list in a “contains statement.” Be
sure to ask your doctor or dietitian if you
Drinks You Can Eat
Fruit and vegetable juices
Rice milk, almond milk, hemp milk, oat milk, flax milk
Drinks to Avoid
Coffee substitutes, drink mixes, nondairy creamers, soymilk.
Milk or soy-based formulas, cow’s milk.
Cream, dairy creamers, cocoa with milk.
Malted milk, chocolate or cocoa drink mixes, powdered drink mixes with milk or milk-based ingredients.
“Non-dairy” creamers or whipped toppings that contain casein, sodium caseinate or other milk protein.
Breads You Can Eat
Breads, crackers, rolls, waffles, and
pancakes that do not contain milk or soy
flours or milk or soy products.
Breads to Avoid
Store bought baked goods that contain
soybean flour or soy nuts.
Cereals You Can Eat
Enriched and whole grain cereals (cooked or dry) that are prepared and served without milk or soy protein, such as such unflavored oatmeal or cream of wheat.
Store bought cereals that do not contain milk or soy protein.
Cereals to Avoid
Processed breakfast cereals that contain milk
or soy protein or are served with milk, soy,
Desserts You Can Eat
Desserts made without milk or soy products such as: angel food cake, cookies, frostings, fruit pies, gelatin.
Italian ices, pastries, ice or juice-based popsicles, sauces, sorbet, sponge cakes, fruit-based tapioca puddings, and toppings.
Carob or plain cocoa powder.
Desserts to Avoid
Any dessert made with milk or soy products: milk chocolate, custard, pudding, junket, milk-based tapioca puddings.
Whipped creams, toppings.
Sherbet, ice cream, cakes and cookies.
Prepared flour mixes, baking mixes.
Coffee cakes, cream-filled pastries, cream pies, crumb mixtures, doughnuts, pancakes made with milk or butter, pie crusts made with butter.
Popovers, sweet rolls, breads and pastries glazed with butter.
Fats, Oils, and Dressings You Can Eat
All vegetable oils, most vegetable sprays,
milk and soy-free salad dressings.
Fats, Oils, and Dressings to Avoid
Butter, margarine that contains milk.
Store bought salad dressings that contain soy, fats that contain soy protein.
Fruits You Can Eat
Fresh, cooked, canned, or dried fruits served
without milk, cream, sour cream, yogurt or
Fruits to Avoid
Fruits in fritter, cobblers, and dumplings that contain milk or soy.
Fruits in sauces with milk or soy.
Meat/Substitutes You Can Eat
Plain meats, poultry, fish and eggs.
All plain nuts and seeds except for soy nuts.
Meat/Substitutes to Avoid
Textured vegetable protein, meat/burger extenders.
Store bought frozen meat patties.
Lunchmeats, sausage, meat loaf and all cheeses, yogurt, cottage cheese.
Soybeans/edamame, soy cheese, soy yogurt.
Meats prepared in white sauce, Mornay, Bearnaise, Hollandaise sauce.
Quiches, soufflés, fondues.
Potatoes, Rice, Grains You Can Eat Potatoes, rice, milk and soy free noodles and pastas.
Potatoes, Rice, Grains to Avoid
Potatoes that contain milk and soy.
Instant potatoes, macaroni, noodles, spaghetti, lasagna or other pasta; store bought pasta in sauces.
Sauces and Seasonings You Can Eat
Pure spices and herbs.
Gravy made with water or broth.
Sauces and Seasonings to Avoid
Mixed spices that have milk, soy, soy sauce.
Gravy made with milk.
White sauces, béchamel, Florentine sauce, Mornay or Bearnaise sauce, Hungarian sauce.
Soups You Can Eat
Homemade broth soups made without butter or margarine.
Noodle soups made without milk and soy free noodles.
Soups to Avoid
Many store-bought soups canned and dry mixes: bouillabaisse, chowders.
Cream soups made with butter, cream, milk or margarine that contains milk.
All canned cream soups and noodle soups.
Miso soup, soups that contain tofu.
Sweeteners You Can Eat
All sugars, honey, jam, jelly and syrups.
Sweeteners to Avoid
Vegetables You Can Eat
Fresh, frozen or canned vegetables prepared
without milk or soy.
Vegetables to Avoid
Store bought prepared vegetables that are breaded or contain soy sauce.
Canned or frozen Asian style vegetables.
Canned and frozen vegetables in any kind of sauce that contains milk or soy.
Infant Formulas or Milk Substitutes
Protein hydrolysate formulas, such as Alimentum®, Nutramigen®, may be okay to use if your child has a cow’s milk protein intolerance.
Amino acid-based formulas, such as Alfamino Infant®, Neocate® Infant and Elecare® Infant, are often used for milk allergies.
Tips and Substitutions
Avoid buying “deli” meats. The slicers often are used to cut both meat and cheese. Often, they can clean it for you if you ask.
Ask how foods are prepared at restaurants. Food may be cooked in a pan or on a surface that had butter on it. Ask for a clean pan.
Orange juice with added calcium has about the same amount of calcium as milk, but not the same nutrients.
Make sure milk substitutes (almond, oat, or coconut milks) are enriched with calcium and vitamin D.
Read the ingredient lists on food labels even if you had the product before. Ingredients may change.
When you travel, bring along some of your own foods.
Infants may need special formulas. Talk to your doctor or dietician about formula options. Do not assume "hypoallergenic" products are safe.
Contact food companies if you are unsure of any ingredient on the label.
If you breast feed, you likely will need to avoid milk and soy in your diet until your doctor says it’s okay to add back in. Talk to your doctor.
For soy flour, use wheat, rice, oat, barley, or potato flour.
For soymilk, use rice or potato milk or any formula that does not contain milk or soy.
For soy miso, use barley, plum or rice miso.
For soy sauce, use pure concentrated beef or chicken broth or flavored salts.
For More Tips
Food Allergy Association of Wisconsin: https://www.foodallergywis.org
Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network: https://www.foodallergy.org
Kids with Food Allergies: https://kidswithfoodallergies.org
Allergic Child: https://www.allergicchild.com
Who to Call
If you are a UW Health patient and have
more questions, please contact UW Health
at one of the phone numbers listed below.
You can also visit our website at
Nutrition clinics for UW Hospital and
Clinics (UWHC) and American Family
Children’s Hospital (AFCH) can be reached
at: (608) 890-5500.
Nutrition clinics for UW Medical
Foundation (UWMF) can be reached at:
If you are a patient receiving care at UnityPoint – Meriter, Swedish American or a health system outside of UW Health, please use the phone numbers provided in your discharge instructions for any questions or concerns.