A colostomy take-down reconnects the large intestine and closes the stoma and the skin opening. There may be one or two incisions depending on the type of colostomy you have. A loop colostomy will have one incision over the colostomy site and the end colostomy will have two incisions. One is a midline incision and the other incision is over the colostomy site.
Bowel Prep: The Day Before Surgery
You will need to do a full bowel prep with antibiotics to empty your bowel of food and stool before surgery. We will discuss this with you in detail and provide instructions. We will also write the prescriptions needed for the bowel prep.
It will take at least 10-14 days for your incision to heal. You can expect that it will be swollen, pink, sore, and may be numb and bruised with some blood tinged to clear, yellow drainage. You may have more drainage than you had from your other incisions. Make sure to change the bandage at least once a day and as needed to keep the area clean and dry.
When it is okay to shower, gently wash it with a mild soap and water. Pat dry. Do not soak in a bathtub, hot tub, or go swimming until it is healed. Do not put lotion, powder, or ointments on the wound.
Watch for signs of infection:
Increased redness or warmth.
Excess swelling or bleeding.
Temperature (by mouth) above 100.4°F for two readings taken 4 hours apart.
Cover your incision with a gauze dressing. Change the dressing daily or as needed. You may stop wearing the dressing when there is no drainage.
Do not drive for 2 weeks or while you are taking narcotic pain pills.
For the first 4 weeks, do not lift over 10 pounds.
After 4 weeks, slowly increase your activity. If you are not sure, check with your doctor.
Check with your doctor before going back to work.
Sex may be resumed when you feel ready.
It is normal to have pain after surgery. We will talk with you about pain medicine. In the hospital we may give you Tylenol® and ibuprofen on a scheduled basis and then narcotic for severe pain. We will send you home with a small amount of pain medicine. There may be other ways to help manage your pain and we will discuss these options with you.
Your diet will advance from clear to full liquids, and then a soft to a low fiber diet as your body can handle it. We will talk with you about the rest of your diet at your clinic visit after surgery.
At first, you will have frequent unformed loose stools. This will begin to improve as your diet includes more fiber. Pain pills may cause constipation. You can help prevent this by drinking 8-10 (8 oz.) glasses of fluid daily and eating a diet that includes fruits, vegetables, and fiber. Stools will be loose or formed depending on your surgery and the amount of intestine removed. Usually we suggest stool softeners and will be write this on your instructions when you leave the hospital.
If you have problems with bowel movements, call your doctor.
Rectal Skin Care
After an ostomy take-down, it is important to prevent rectal skin problems. You may have loose or hard stools as you heal. You can prevent problems by using baby wipes instead of toilet paper and by using a gentle skin ointment such as Vaseline Constant Care®, Desitin®, Proshield Plus®, Vaseline®, A&D ointment®, zinc oxide, or Calmoseptine® on the rectal skin area after each stool and before you notice any problem.
When to Call the Doctor
Nausea or vomiting
Rectal skin problems
Bowel movement problems
Pain not controlled by pain pills
Signs of a wound infection:
Increased redness or warmth
Excess swelling or bleeding
Temperature greater than 100.4°F by mouth, for 2 readings taken 4 hours apart
Digestive Health Center: (608) 242-2800 Monday – Friday, 8am – 5pm
After hours, weekends or holidays this number will be answered by the paging operator. Ask for the doctor on call for Dr. ________________. Leave your name and phone number with area code. The doctor will call you back.
If you live out of the area, call (855) 342-9900.
If you are a patient receiving care at UnityPoint – Meriter, Swedish American or a health system outside of UW Health, please use the phone numbers provided in your discharge instructions for any questions or concerns.