Normal sleep changes across the lifespan, as do common sleep problems. In young children, enuresis (bedwetting) and parasomnias like sleepwalking are more common. In adolescence, changes in the body's biological clock contribute to a tendency toward later bedtimes and wake times that can contribute to sleep deprivation among teens.
Establishing relaxing bedtime routines and environmental conditions that support quality sleep are important for promoting healthy development, good school performance and positive mood in children and teenagers. Children and adolescents are also at risk for sleep disordered breathing, often due to enlarged tonsils and adenoids. Children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are often more inattentive and hyperactive compared to adults, who are more likely to complain of excessive sleepiness and fatigue.
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